Safety: Travel to Colombia is safe but use caution. There is a large police presence in the cities. Be aware of fake currency
Joining the USA and Colombia
Flag: The colors of the Colombian flag–red, blue and bright yellow–red for a reminder of its bloody past, blue for the two oceans that cover the coast (the Atlantic/Caribbean and the Pacific) and yellow for the gold that made its people rich
Weather: No seasons – land of eternal spring and summer (cool at night in Bogotá) and sun is strong due to higher altitudes
Parilla and more
La Comida: Lunch is main meal. Corn is found in everything. Try an arepa. They are a staple in Colombia. Seafood is popular along the coasts and pork and beef inland
Dress: Blue jeans and t-shirts suit every dress code
Drugs: Coca leaves are grown more abundantly in Peru and Ecuador than Colombia
Christmas: Colombians like most Spanish countries celebrate on the 24th of December with the birth of Jesus Christ. They begin praying every night to the nativity scene from December 16- December 24
Economy: Average salary is about $400 a month. Main industries include oil, textiles, gold, coal, emeralds, shipbuilding, food processing, tourism
Cafe: Colombians do not drink coffee after 1:00 PM
Juice: Fruit juice of guava, orange or papaya is more popular than soda/pop
Botero’s painting, Una Familia at the Museo Botero
Art and Culture: Music is a part of everyday life. Outdoor art adorns parks and plazas
Family: Families live together and move together. Family life is important to Colombians
Sport: Fútbol is popular inland and baseball along the Caribbean coast. Cycling is a popular sport and mode of transportation throughout the country
Salt Cathedral located in a salt mine in Zipaquirá
Religion: 75 percent of Colombians are Catholic
Size: Nearly 50 million
Government: The Government of Colombia is a republic with a separation of powers: Executive, Judicial and Legislative branches. The legislature has a congress, the judiciary a supreme court and the executive a president. Former corruption has plagued Colombia progress is being made
Drinking and Driving: The people can drive at 16, and drink at 18. The two do not mix
Body art: Tattoos are popular among men under 30
Women: Women grow their hair long to the waist. They have a reputation for being the most beautiful in world. Beauty pageants are a source of pride for Colombians
Excited for my scenic tour along the Reykjanes Peninsula, I packed my swimsuit and dressed in layers for a beautiful drive through lava fields toward Kleifarvatn, a glacier produced clean, translucent rich blue lake surrounded by red and brown flat hilltops and mountains lined with black sand beaches. It’s an area known as “Volcano Park” due to the volcanic and seismic activity in the area. With the sun shinning, the air crisp and refreshing, Jón and I saved my most anticipated spots for the end of my journey.
Kleifarvatn, largest lake on the Reykjanes peninsula situated in the southern part of the peninsula on the fissure zone of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge
Upon my arrival in Iceland, I was greeted by a strange smell. Was it fish or well water or was I being poisoned? The answer is simple: sulfur. The country smells like sulfur due to the geothermal origins of hot water. There is nothing wrong with the water or the air quality. In fact, Iceland is one of the world’s greenest countries and the drinking water contains no metals or chlorine. Fill up your empty water bottle and drink away. Plan to hold your nose from time to time and learn to grin and bear it.
The same “salty” aroma greeted me at the Blue Lagoon, one of the 25 Wonders of the World. Formed in 1976, the lagoon is man-made and fed by water from a nearby geothermal power plant. Rich in minerals like silica and sulfur, locals purport the lagoon heals skin ailments like psoriasis. I prayed for sun and Mother Nature delivered. Since my sensitive skin needed a little tender care, I braved the commercialization and the loads of tourists for an afternoon of enjoyment.
After a required initial shower, I purchased a waterproof case for my IPhone *must have proof I was there* and scrutinized my fellow tourists. There were groups of senior citizens, families, couples, college girls, macho men, dreaded teens and me! We floated and waded through the special waters of the Blue Lagoon together as friends.
Mud bath in some amazing silky salty magical water
Removing my flip flops and hanging my towel on the outside racks, I moved cautiously down a slope deeper into the milky aquamarine waters of the lagoon until the water covered my shoulders. Black volcanic rock encircled the lagoon making the color of the water much more vibrant. The outside temperature reached approximately 60 °F, while the lagoon temperatures climbed hotter than an average hot tub in the United States.
I bounced around the lagoon from one side to the other testing out the hotter geothermal areas and lounging on a deck to apply a mud mask. I asked the college girls to take a photo for Facebook evidence and I dunked my face under the cloudy water to explore the healing capacities of the lagoon. Despite a pool full of strangers, I discovered a secluded spot along the far wall of rocks and relaxed as the waters worked their magic and pealed away layers of time, stress and worry. It’s hard to believe 6 million liters or 1.5 gallons of geothermal seawater replenish the lagoon every 40 hours.
It’s mesmerizing. Somehow I wish the secret of the soak, remained a secret.
Eurasian and North American tectonic plates meet
After feeling rejuvenated and appropriately soaked in salt, my guide Jón and I headed to the bridge between Europe and North America. I know it’s a bit of an overstatement to say I straddled the continents but technically I did stand where a canyon was created due to the movement of the tectonic plates or the Mid Atlantic Ridge. According to the continental drift theory, the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates are continuously moving apart (about 2 cm a year) with great pressure under the gaping rifts. As the plates drift, fissures form due to stresses created by the tension that builds up as the plates move further from each other.
Geothermal mud pools
Nearby, we visited Gunnuhver or ghost, Iceland’s largest mud baths. Bubbling pools of scorching grayish mud explode from the earth creating patches of dense steam shooting high into the sky. It smells here too and the steam should be avoided, as it’s dangerous if standing too close. The geothermal area is fascinating to see first-hand because it’s difficult to imagine the ground creating that much heat and pressure. The landscape is also very lush and green in the area because the hot steam melts the snowfall.
Miles of lava rock, snow drenched mountains and volcanoes, the Atlantic Ocean, fishing, electricity, tourism, inclement weather and hardy people together make Iceland what it is today. I need not strain my imagination to consider the possibilities of a strong Icelandic economy. It includes fishing in the cold Atlantic waters, geothermal and hydroelectric power and guests from around the world spending money in restaurants, stores and exploring and trekking the stunning scenery the country offers.
Dried Cod racks, Icelandic exports
Fishing comprises approximately half of the country’s total exports and employs seven percent of the work force. Think of all the cod, shrimp and salmon on dinner plates and dried cod sent around the world. Americans left behind cement and the BBQ after World War II and Starbucks hasn’t landed here because locals expect their second cup of java free. McDonald’s pulled out in 2008 during the economic crash. That’s fine with locals. Icelanders are resilient people with a strong sense of tradition and family and whether it’s nature’s beauty or its beast, they are ready for it.
Energy: The country expects to be energy-independent by 2050.
Government: Iceland is a democracy and a parliamentary republic.
The president of Iceland is a ceremonial head of state and serves as a diplomat but has veto power over parliament. He or she is elected for four years, with no term limit. The head of government is the prime minister.
Women: Iceland was the first country in the world to have a political party formed and led entirely by women. It elected Vigdís Finnbogadóttir to president in 1980.She was the first woman in the world to be elected head of state in a national election.
Women received the right to vote in 1915, five years before the U.S. Iceland became the first country in the world to grant equal rights to men and women in 1850.
In 2009, Iceland elected he world’s first openly gay head of state and their first female Prime Minister.
Flag: The Icelandic flag is blue with a red cross outlined in white. The colors represents the three elements of the island: red for volcanic fires, white for snow and glaciers and blue for the skies above.
Population: 329,100 (Jan 2015). An estimated 7% (23.000) of the population is of foreign-born nationality. Median age is 37,1 years.
Capital city: Reykjavík
Size: 103,000 sq. km (40,000 sq. miles), bigger than Hungary and Portugal and a little bit smaller than Cuba.
Language: The official language of Iceland is Icelandic, a North Germanic language derived from Old Norse. It has changed relatively little throughout the centuries.
Religion: Most Icelanders (80%) are members of the Lutheran State Church. Another 5% are registered in other Christian denominations, including the Free Church of Iceland and the Roman Catholic Church. Almost 5% of people practice ásatrú, the traditional Norse religion.
Economy: GDP = $14,5 billion. Unemployment rate: 5%.
Weather: Icelanders experience endless summer and dark, long winters
Animals: Arctic Fox is only animal native to Iceland but sheep, horses, rats, mice and birds now roam its shores.
Medical: The government pays 85 percent of universal health care. Icelanders are healthy
Beer: It was not available until 1986. Blame the French and their wine.
Family: Women keep father’s name. Don’t take a spouse name. Icelanders open therr homes to strangers (aren’t they all related anyway?)
Christmas: Icelanders celebrate on December 24. People work until 3pm or 4pm in the afternoon and then have a big family dinner.
Make Believe: Icelanders may or may not believe in elves “hidden people” or trolls